Vinogradov, Aleksandr Pavlovich

(Figure) Vinogradov, A. P.

VINOGRADOV, Aleksandr Pavlovich (RU: Виноградов, Александр Павлович) is the Soviet geochemist, the academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (since the 1953; the corresponding member since the 1943), twice Hero of the Socialistic Labour (1949, 1975). Vinogradov was the deputy of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation during the 1951-55. Vinogradov has graduated from the Military-Medical Academy (1924), and from the Leningrad Univercity (1925). Vinogradov is the student of V. I. Vernadskiy. Vinogradov is the director of the Laboratory for the Geochemical Problems named after V. I. Vernadskiy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (since the 1945), the organizer and director of the Geochemical Institute named after V. I. Vernadsky of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (since the 1947), the administrator of the Cathedra of the Geochemistry of the Moscow State Univercity (since the 1953), the academician-secretary of the Division for the Sci ences about the Earth of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1963-67), the vice-president of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1967-75). Vinogradov has proposed the hypothesis about the universal mechanism for the forming of the Earth's crust on the basis of the zonal melting of the silicate phase, has developed the theory for the chemical evolution of the Earth, and of the planets of the Earth type. Vinogradov was engaged in the researches within the field of the geochemistry of isotopes, perfected the bio-geochemical direction within the geochemistry (the bio-geochemical provinces with the excess or deficiency of the chemical elements within the medium, the bio-geochemical method for the searches for the deposits of the useful minerals).

Vinogradov is the member of the series of the foreign scientific societies and Academies of sciences, the honourary president of the International association for the geochemistry and cosmochemistry (1968). Vinogradov has been awarded with the Prize named after Vladimir Lenin (1934); with the Lenin Prize; and three times with the Governmental Prize of the USSR.