Letter "V"

Vadose water

VADOSE WATER is the temporary accumulation of the gravitational underground waters within the zone of aeration within the rocks (soils), which are underlain by the lenses or tapering streaks of the waterproof (or slightly permeable) rocks.

Vertical scaling factor

VERTICAL SCALING FACTOR is the scaling factor for the depiction of the altitudes for the points on the topographic profiles, or on the vertical cross sections of the Earth's crust.

Vertical electrical sounding

VERTICAL ELECTRICAL SOUNDING is the method of the electrical exploration, which is based on the study of the dependence of the intensity of the constant electrical field on the distance between the two grounded (supplying) electrodes and the point for the measurement (the spacing within the installation).

Vertical instrumental survey

VERTICAL INSTRUMENTAL SURVEY, see within the "Instrumental survey" article.

Vernadsky, Vladimir Ivanovich

VERNADSKY, Vladimir Ivanovich is the Soviet naturalist, mineralogist, and geochemist, the academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (the academician of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences since the 1912).

Vermiculite

VERMICULITE is the mineral of the class of silicates, of the group of the trioctahedral hydromicas.

Ventilation of the underground mine

VENTILATION OF THE UNDERGROUND MINE is the system of the activities, which is directed towards the maintainance of the atmosphere with the parameters, which are necessary for the conducting of the mining works, within all the active mine workings within the underground mine.

Ventilation of the mine workings with the dead end

VENTILATION OF THE MINE WORKINGS WITH THE DEAD END is the complex of the activities for the provision of the fresh air into the mine workings with the dead end within the underground mines.

Ventilation of tunnels

VENTILATION OF TUNNELS is the system of the activities, which is aimed towards the maintainance of the normal atmospheric conditions within the tunnels during their operation.

Ventilatory gateway

VENTILATORY GATEWAY is the built structure, which is preventing the interaction of the air streams within the underground mine workings or within the pithead buildings during the movement of the transport or people from the place with one air stream into the place with another air stream.

Ventilatory shaft of the underground mine

VENTILATORY SHAFT OF THE UNDERGROUND MINE is the mine shaft, which is purposed mostly for the issuance and delivery of the air, which is used for the airing of the mine workings...

Ventilatory borehole

VENTILATORY BOREHOLE is the borehole with the large diameter, which is purposed for the ventilation; this borehole is used for the removal of the outgoing stream of the air, less often for the supply of the fresh air.

Ventilatory network

VENTILATORY NETWORK OF THE UNDERGROUND MINE is the system of the mutually connected underground mine workings within the underground mine, which is ensuring the directional movement of the air for the airing...

Ventilatory bulkhead

VENTILATORY BULKHEAD is the device, which is purposed for the complete (or partial) termination of the movement of the air within one mine working, or for the isolation of the ventilatory streams within the adjacent mine workings.

Ventilatory door

VENTILATORY DOOR is the door within the ventilatory bulkhead, which is purposed for the complete or partial insulation of the ventilatory stream within the mine workings, through which there proceeds the movement of the people or transport.

Ventilatory installation

VENTILATORY INSTALLATION is the special equipment, and, at the underground mines, also the complex of the devices, built structures, and so on, for the airing of the underground and opencast mine workings.

Ventilator for the underground mines

VENTILATOR FOR THE UNDERGROUND MINES is the device, which ensures the circulation of the air within the underground mine workings.

Voronin, Viktor Nikolaevich

VORONIN, Viktor Nikolaevich is the Soviet scientist in the field of the mining science, the doctor of the technical sciences (1947), and the professor (1951).

Voronezh anteclise

VORONEZH ANTECLISE is the protrusion of the pre-Cambrian basement of the Eastern European craton within the basin of the Don river.

"Vorkutaugol"

"VORKUTAUGOL" is the productive consortium for the extraction of the coal of the Ministry of the Coal Industry of the USSR, within the Komi ASSR.

"Vorgashorskaya"

"VORGASHORSKAYA" is the underground coal mine of the "Vorkutaugol" productive consortium of the Ministry of the Coal Industry of the USSR.

Vonyavin, Stepan Leontievich

VONYAVIN, Stepan Leontievich (1738-26.2.1806) was the Russian miner. Vonyavin has graduated from the Ekaterinburg Mining-Industrial School (1758).

"Volskcement"

"VOLSKCEMENT" is the productive consortium of the Ministry of the Industry of the Building Materials of the USSR for the development and processing of the cement raw materials within the surroundings of the Volsk city...

Volga-Ural petroliferous province

VOLGA-URAL PETROLIFEROUS PROVINCE is situated within the limits of the Perm, Sverdlovsk, Kirov, Ulyanovsk, Kuibyshev, Orenburg, Saratov, Volgograd provinces of the Russian Federation, and within the Tatar ASSR, Bashkir ASSR, and Udmurt ASSR.

Volga-Kama artesian basin

VOLGA-KAMA ARTESIAN BASIN is situated at the east of the European part of the USSR (the Bashkir ASSR, the Tatar ASSR, and the Gorky, Kirov, Kuibyshev, partly Perm and Orenburg provinces of the Russian Federation).

Volgograd Institute of the Petroleum Industry

VOLGOGRAD INSTITUTE OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY of the Ministry of the Petroleum Industry of the USSR has been organized during the 1959, within the Volgograd city.

Vojislav, Sigismund Grigorievich

VOJISLAV, Sigismund Grigorievich is the Russian mining engineer. He has graduated from the Warsaw University (1871) and from the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute (1876).

"Vozrozhdenie"

"VOZROZHDENIE" is the deposit of the granites within the Leningrad province of the Russian Federation. This deposit is situated at the distance of 26 kilometres to the north-east of the Vyborg city.

Vozeyskoe petroleum field

VOZEYSKOE PETROLEUM FIELD is situated within the Komi ASSR, at the distance of 50 kilometres to the north of the Ust-Usa station (the Timan-Pechora petroliferous province).

Venezuela

VENEZUELA, Republic of Venezuela (Republica de Venezuela) is the country at the north of the South America.

Vendian

VENDIAN, Vendian system, Vendian complex is the top stratigraphic sub-division of the Proterozoic, which is immediately preceding the Cambrian system, and is near to it according to the stratigraphic rank.

Vector projections

VECTOR PROJECTIONS is the depiction of the object on the plane with the help of the parallel vectors, the magnitude of which is proportional to their distance from the points of the object to the plane of projection.

Vesuvianite

VESUVIANITE (according to the place of the find on the Vesuvius mountain), idocrase, wiluite, is the mineral of the sub-class of the insular silicates, Ca10(Mg,Fe)2Al4[SiO4]5[Si2O7]2(OH,F)4.

Vezirov, Suleiman Azad oglu

VEZIROV, Suleiman Azad oglu is the Soviet governmental worker, the organizer of the petroleum industry within the USSR, the Honoured Worker of Science and Technology of the Azerbaijan SSR (1964)...

"Vakhrushevugol"

"VAKHRUSHEVUGOL" is the productive consortium for the extraction of coal of the Ministry for the Coal Industry of the USSR within the Sverdlovsk province of the Russian Federation.

Vakhrushev, Vasiliy Vasilievich

VAKHRUSHEV, Vasiliy Vasilievich is the Soviet party and governmental worker, the organizer of the coal industry within the USSR, the Hero of the Socialistic Labour (1943).

Vassoevich, Nikolay Bronislavovich

VASSOEVICH, Nikolay Bronislavovich is the Soviet geologist, the corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1970).

Vareganskoe field

VAREGANSKOE GAS-PETROLEUM FIELD is situated within the Tyumen province of the Russian Federation, at the distance of 20 kilometres to the north-east of the Surgut city.

Variscan folding

VARISCAN FOLDING, see the "Hercynian folding" article.

Varioles

VARIOLES are the spherulitic mineral formations, with the sizes from the millet seed to the pea seed, which protrude from the aphanitic basaltic rocks (variolites) on the weathered surface in the form of the pockmarks...

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