Temporary disability

TEMPORARY DISABILITY (EN: temporary invalidity, temporary disability; DE: zeitweilige Arbeitsunfahigkeit; FR: invalidite temporaire; ES: invalidez temporal; RU: временная нетрудоспособность) is, according to the Soviet legislation, the temporary loss of the ability for the performance of the job duties (till the recovery of this ability, or till the determination of the disability). In case of the persistent disruptions of the ability to work, which are leading the patient to the necessity to terminate the working activity completely, during the prolonged duration, or to change significantly the conditions of the work, there is established the disability. The examination of the temporary disability is performed within the institutions for the health care by the medical doctor, or by the commission of the medical doctors (see the "Occupational medical examination" article). The temporary disability is certified using the "sick leave" certificate (in the certain cases, which are specified within the legislation, using the certificate of the medical-prophylactic institution). The workers, who have lost temporarily the ability to work because of the disease or mutilation, or who have been placed into the hospital of the prosthetic-orthopedic enterprise for the prosthetics, are provided with the allowance on the account of the means of the social insurance. The allowances because of the temporary disability may be provided: in case of the sending of the able-bodied labourers and office workers into the places for the spa treatment (under the certain conditions); in case of the liberation from the performance by them of their job duties, in association with the necessity of the care for the sick member of the family; in case of the quarantine.