Railway wagon

RAILWAY WAGON (EN: railway car; DE: Wagen, Waggon; FR: wagon; ES: vagon; RU: вагон) is the transport vehicle for the transportation of the passengers and cargoes along the railways.

The major types of the wagons, which are used within the mining-extracting industry, are the freight wagons, including the covered wagons, open wagons (gondolas, side-tipping wagons, controllable discharge wagons, and others), flat wagons, tank wagons, and special wagons. At the open pit mines, there are distributed the open wagons, namely, the open wagons, which are suitable for the mechanized loading and unloading of the useful minerals and other cargoes, while in case of the underground development, there are distributed the minecarts for the underground mines. They distinguish the non-self-propelled wagons with the traction from the locomotive, and the self-propelled wagons with their own motor (the motorized wagons). The major parameters of the wagons are the load lifting ability, the internal loading volume of the wagon, the coefficient of the container (the ratio of the mass of the wagon to the load lifting ability), the linear dimensions, the quantity of the axles.