Peat bitumens

PEAT BITUMENS (EN: peat bitumens; DE: Torfbitumen; FR: bitumes à tourbe; ES: betumenes de turba; RU: битумы торфяные) are the products, which are extracted from peat by the organic solvents (benzene, gasoline, and others), or by their mixtures; the major components of the peat bitumens are the wax, tars, paraffins.

The content of the bitumens within the peat depends on its genetic type (for example, significantly higher for the raised-bog peat, than for the lower peat) and on the degree of its decomposition. There is the most bituminous one the upper peat with the high degree of decomposition within the grassy (cotton grass) group. During the extraction of bitumens from such peat by benzene, the yield of the products reaches 15% (of the organic mass), while during the extraction by gasoline, the yield reaches up to 9%. According to the elemental composition, the peat bitumens contain (in terms of the organic mass): 65-75% of carbon, 9-12% of hydrogen, 12-22% of oxygen. The most valuable product, which is extracted from peat, is the peat wax. They use the peat bitumens within the foundry production (for the precise casting according to the smelted models), within the production of the plastics, and polishing and protective compositions for the paper, leather, and wood, and also within the medicine, and household appliances.