Peat ammoniation

PEAT AMMONIATION (EN: peat ammoniation; DE: Ammonisierung von Torf; FR: ammonisation de la tourbe; ES: amoniacion de la turba; RU: аммонизация торфа) is the saturation of peat with hydrous and anhydrous ammonia, which is determined by the great sorption capability of peat.

There form themselves during the interaction of ammonia with peat the water-soluble ammonium humates; there also move into the solution the fulvic and uronic acids and metabolites. The quantity of nitrogen, which is absorbed from ammonia, is determined by the chemical nature of peat, the character of the process of sorption and fixation of nitrogen, and also by the duration of the contact of peat with ammonia. The process of the saturation of peat with ammonia proceeds more intensely within the aqueous medium at the increased temperature. The peat, which is saturated with ammonia, acquires the properties of the stimulator of the growth of the plants, assists to the more complete utilization of the mineral nutritional substances, which are arriving from the soil, and also to the transfer of nitrogen of the organic compounds into the forms, which may be consumed by the plants.