Paramilitary mining rescue units
PARAMILITARY MINING RESCUE UNITS (EN: militarized mine rescue units; DE: Rettungstruppen, Wehr; FR: equipes de sauvetage militaires, corps de sauvetage militaires; ES: equipos militares de salvamento minero; RU: военизированые горно-спасательные части) are the specialized formations, which are created at the mining-extracting enterprises within the USSR for the rescue of the people during the accidents, for the prevention of the accidents, and for the liquidation of the accidents.
The primary operational-technical subdivision of the paramilitary mining rescue unit is the squad of 5-7 persons (the respirator specialists, the commander of the squad, and the driver of the operational automobile); the primary operational subdivision is the mining rescue platoon, which comprises three or more squads (depending on the quantity of the serviced facilities, or depending on the purpose of this subdivision). The platoons, which are servicing the mining-extracting enterprises, which are situated within the same administrative or geographical region, are united into the paramilitary mining rescue detachment (the primary operational-economic formation). The governance over the operational-technical activity of the mining rescue detachments is performed by the headquarter of the paramilitary mining rescue unit within the mining-extracting basin, province, or republic. The headquarters of the paramilitary mining rescue units are subordinated to the administration of the pa ramilitary mining rescue units within the branch of the industry (for example, the All-Union Administration of the Paramilitary Mining Rescue Units of the Ministry of the Coal Industry of the USSR). The paramilitary mining rescue units are situated within the special mining rescue living quarters (the technical buildings and built structures, the residential houses). Within the branches of the industry, which have the mining-extracting enterprises, there are approved annually the deployment and plan for the mutual assistance of the paramilitary mining rescue units. The latter plan on the scale of the country is developed and approved by the ministries, which have the paramilitary mining rescue units.
The major objectives of the paramilitary mining rescue unit are: the rescue of the people, which have been caught by the accidents; the liquidation of the accidents, and of their consequences; the profilactic work (including the survey of the mine workings, with the purpose of the monitoring for the preparedness of these mine workings for the liquidation of the accidents, the monitoring for the existence and status of the means for the self-rescue of the people, and of the means for the protection against the accidents); the depression and gas surveys at the underground mines; the monitoring of the composition of the atmosphere within the underground mine; the testing of the hoisting ropes within the underground mines, and of the rubber-technical products, which are used within the underground mines; the development and coordination of the plans for the liquidation of the accidents.
The activity of the paramilitary mining rescue unit is regulated by the respective statutes, regulations, and instructions. The personnel of the paramilitary mining rescue unit (the respirator specialists, the commanders of the subdivisions) is recruited from the labourers and engineering-technical workers of the underground mines, who have worked at the underground works for at least two years. The service duty within the paramilitary mining rescue unit is organized in such a way, that they are always ready for the travel to the place of the accident. The subdivisions of the paramilitary mining rescue unit are equipped with the modern mining rescue equipment. For the undertaking of the urgent activities for the rescue of the people, and for the liquidation of the accidents at the start of their emergence, there are organized at the underground mines the auxiliary mining rescue teams of the labourers and engineering-technical workers. After the arrival of the squads of the paramil itary mining rescue unit to the place of the accident, the members of the auxiliary mining rescue teams are placed under their command.
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