Mining privilege

MINING PRIVILEGE (EN: mining privilege; DE: Berg-Privilege, Sonderrecht im Bergbau; FR: Berg-privilege; ES: privilegio minero; RU: Берг-привилегия) is the legislative act of the 1719, which was determining the policy of the Russian government within the ore mining industry; it was the practical manual for the Mining collegium. It guaranteed the right of the hereditary ownership of the industrial plants, protected the industrialists against the intervention of the local authorities into their businesses, obliged the Mining collegium to provide the technical and financial assistance to the industrialists, proclaimed the right of the liberal sale of iron. The useful minerals have been declared the property of the tsar, and the industrialists were obliged to pay the tax, which amounted to 10% of the profits (since the 1724, 1 kopeek per one pood of the cast iron). At the same time, the Mining privilege favoured the owner of the land during the development of the useful minerals; the industrialist was obliged to pay 3% of the profit to the owner for the forest and land. The Mining privilege liberated the craft people from the military conscription and poll tax (during the middle of the 18th century, these benefits have been abolished). The Mining privilege assisted the development of the industry.

During the 1739, the Mining privilege has been supplemented with the Mining regulation. It acted till the 1806.