EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS (EN: blasting materials; DE: explosionsfahige Materialien, Sprengmaterialien; FR: matieres explosives; ES: materiales explosivos; RU: взрывчатые материалы) is the collective name of the explosive substances, of the products, which have been made of these substances (cartridges, grenades, shaped charges, perforating, attached, and other special charges, and the charges for the flameless blasting), of the gunpowders, and also of the means for the initiating, namely, of the blasting caps and electric detonators, of the detonating cords and safety fuses, of the incendiary tubes and the like, which are used for the blasting works. They produce most of the explosive substances under the factory conditions, and they produce the safest explosive substances (igdanite, the water-containing explosive substance) immediately at the place of the performance of the blasting works (are not subject to the storage).
They transport and store the pre-fabricated explosive materials at the storage depots within the boxes, with the preliminary packing of these materials into the packs, sacks, blocks, and so on (the loose materials within the paper or polyethilene sacks). The transportation without the tare (loosely piled, or poured) is allowed for the most safe simplest granulated and water-containing explosive substances, only within the limits of the territory of the enterprises, which are producing and using these substances, with the help of the special delivering-charging or mixing-charging machines. They conduct the transportation of the explosive materials in compliance with the norms, which have been established using the "Unified safety rules", and using the departmental instruction about the transportation of the loads, which are dangerous because of the explosion. All the explosive materials are sub-divided into the categories, according to the degree of the danger, and according to the conditions for the transportation. There have been placed into the categories for the cargoes with the increased danger the blasting caps and electric detonators, the nitroester-containing and certain other explosive materials, which are requiring the great caution during the loading-unloading and shunting works.
The explosive materials are sub-divided into several groups, according to the degree of the danger during the handling: the explosive substances, which are containing more than 15% of the liquid nitrate esters, the non-phlegmatized RDX, and tetryl; the explosive substances with the ammonium nitrate, and the products, which are made of these substances (cartridges), which are containing the TNT, RDX, dinitronaphthalene, and not more than 15% of the nitrate esters, the TNT in the pure form, and its alloys with other nitro compounds; the detonating cords, cartridges-detonators, and shaped charges; the smoky and smokeless gunpowders; the safety fuses, blasting caps, and electric detonators; the perforating charges with the detonators, which have been installed into them, which are used within the petroleum and gas extracting industry.
The storage of the explosive materials at the basis and consumption storage depots, the delivery of these materials to the place of the blasting works, and the performance of these works, are performed in compliance with the requirements of the "Unified safety rules during the blasting works", which are obligatory for all enterprises and organizations, which are conducting such works on the territory of the USSR. The explosive materials are subject to the strict accounting during the transportation, storage, and consumption. For the destroying of the deteriorated explosive materials, they use the most safe method, which is corresponding to the peculiarities of the explosive material, which is being destroyed.
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