Bohdanowicz, Karol


BOHDANOWICZ, Karol (PL: Bohdanowicz, Karol; RU: Bogdanovich, Karl Ivanovich; Богданович, Кароль; Богданович, Карл Иванович) is the Polish geologist, the academician of the Polish Academy of Sciences (1945; the corresponding member since the 1932). He has graduated from the St. Petersburg Mining Institute (1886). During the 1901-17, he worked within Russia at the Geological Committee (since the 1914, he was the director), at the same time, he was the professor of the St. Petersburg Mining Institute (1902-19). During the 1919, he has migrated to Poland, and later worked at the Cracow Mining Academy; he has founded during the 1938, and has re-created during the 1945, the Governmental Geological Institute within the Warsaw city.

Bohdanowicz is the founder of the Polish Geographical Society. He has conducted the expedition researches at the Caucasus mountains, within the Transcaspia, at the Altai, Tibet, and Tien Shan mountains, within Siberia, on the Kamchatka peninsula, and within Alaska (till the 1919), as the result of which there have been compiled the stratigraphic and tectonic schemes of the studied regions, have been described the most important deposits of the mineral raw materials, has been characterized the seismicity of the territory. He has researched the geology and useful minerals of the Carpathian mountains, the hydrogeology and mineral water sources within Poland, Austria, Romania (20-ies - 30-ies). His major published works are on the geology of the ore and non-metallic useful minerals, petroleum geology, magmatism, volcanology, tectonics, seismology, hydrogeology, and geography. There have been named after the name of Bohdanowicz the volcano on the Paramushir island, the cape at the south of the Sakhalin island, the bohdanowiczite mineral, and the series of the fossil organisms.