Bog peat

BOG PEAT (EN: raised-bog peat; DE: Hochmoortorf; FR: tourbe superficielle; ES: turba superficial; RU: верховой торф) is the genetic type of the peat, within the botanical composition of which, there is contained at least 95% of the residues of the oligotrophic plants (not including the humus). Within the composition of the residues of the oligotrophic plants, there belong: the bark and wood of the pine and heather shrubs, the roots and fibers of the cotton grass, of the scheuchzeria, the leaves and residues of the stems of the sphagnum mosses. The degree of the decomposition of the bog peat varies within the limits from 5 to 70%. Unlike the peats of the transitional and fen types, the bog peats are low-ash (the Accp is 2.4%) and more acidic (the pH of the salt extract is 2.5-3.6). The bog peat is widely distributed within the peat depositions of the swamps within the forest zone of the Northern hemisphere.

The bog peat with the degree of decomposition of more than 20% is used as the fuel, for the obtainment of the coke, gas, humic acids, and bitumens. In case of the low degrees of decomposition, the bog peat is used as the insulating and bedding material, as the raw material for the hydrolysis, as the substrate for the greenhouses, as the food for the animals, for the growing of the peat turf carpets, and so on. The bog peat is also used for the medicine.