Basin of the useful mineral

BASIN OF THE USEFUL MINERAL (EN: mineral field, mineral basin; DE: Mineralbecken; FR: bassin de mineraux; ES: cuenca minera; RU: бассейн полезного ископаемого) is the enclosed province of the continuous or almost continuous distribution of the layered sedimentary useful minerals, which are associated with the certain formation of the rocks. For the different parts of the basin of the useful minerals, there is characteristic the commonality of the geological-historical process of the accumulation of the sediments within the unified large tectonic structure (downfold, graben, syneclise).

They distinguish among the basins of the useful minerals: the coal-bearing ones (within the USSR, Kuznetsk, Donetsk, Moscow, Pechora, Kansk-Achinsk, Irkutsk; within Poland, the Upper Silesia; within the West Germany, the Ruhr; within the USA, the Appalachian), the petroleum-and-gas-bearing ones (they are distinguished mainly abroad, for example the Aquitaine within France, the Persian Gulf; within the USSR, they usually name the petroleum-and-gas-bearing basins of the useful minerals as provinces, regions, and so on), the salt-bearing ones (Artemovsk-Slaviansk, Solikamsk, Irkutsk within the USSR; Staßfurt within Germany, and others), the iron ore ones (Krivoy Rog, Kerch, and others), and also the hydrogeologic basins. The areas of the basins of the useful minerals amount to from several hundred square kilometres to several hundred thousand square kilometres; there form themselves on their territory the large mining-industrial complexes.