ABIKH Wilhelm Hermann

ABIKH (Abich) Wilhelm Hermann (German Vilgelmovich, sometimes Vasilievich)ABIKH Wilhelm Hermann was the geologist, the explorer of the Caucasus, the academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1853). He has been invited to Russia in 1841 for the position of the professor of the mineralogy of the Derpt (Tartu) University. He has explored the Caucasus in 1844-76.

He has made the great contribution to the study of the paleontology, stratigraphy, lithology, and mineral resources of the Caucasus. He was one of the first to draw the attention to the chemistry of the rocks, and he has pointed out the significance of the feldspars in the composition of the igneous rocks.